essen.de > Town Hall > Politics

Federal Parliament Elections

Election of the Members of the Parliament for the Federal Republic of Germany

Election period:

four years

Electoral roll

in Essen on 27 September 2009: 435.602

Electoral district:

Until 1998: Subdivision of Germany into 328 electoral districts for the nomination of direct candidates, normally 656 members of the Federal Parliament
North-Rhine Westphalia: electoral districts 53 - 123; Essen: electoral districts 88 - 90

From 2002: Subdivision of Germany into 299 electoral districts, normally 598 members of the Federal Parliament; Essen: electoral districts 119 -121

Subdivision of the Essen city area into 492 voting districts for voting purposes and 3 Federal Parliament electoral districts for the nomination of candidates.

The elections in the Federal Parliament electoral districts 120 and 121 (Essen II and III) lie within the responsibility of the District Electoral Officer, the Lord Mayor.

The Federal Parliament electoral district Essen I includes the city districts of Altendorf, Frohnhausen, Fulerum, Haarzopf, Schuir, and Kettwig, and, together with the area of the city of Mülheim forms the Federal Parliament electoral district 119. Here, the District Electoral Officer of the city of Mülheim is responsible for the election process and determining the result.

Electoral system:

299 direct candidates from the Federal Parliament electoral districts are elected directly on a simple majority basis ("relative majority election") and at least 299 list candidates are elected according to the share of the votes cast for the individual parties in the form of all the second votes validly cast in the Federal Republic ("proportional election with initial majority election" or "personalized proportional election").

Voting:

each elector has two votes. With the first vote, the direct candidate is elected, with the second vote the list for a party.

Right to vote:

Entitled to vote are German nationals as from their 18th birthday, provided they have been registered as being resident in Germany at least 3 months before the election, and are not otherwise excluded from the right to vote.

Also entitled to vote are German nationals who, on the day of the election, are living in a member state of the Council of Europe, provided they left Germany after 23 May 1949, and German nationals who have been living for not more than ten years in another country.

Entitlement to be elected:

All persons entitled to vote can also stand for election, provided they have had German citizenship for at least one year.

Election results are determined

in accordance with the mathematical proportion method (so-called "Hare-Niemeyer" method).